Sustainable Urban Transport NAMA
|Type of action
|Submitted to UNFCCC registry
|Start of initiative
|Financing and support details
|US$ 6200 mln
|Financing received to-date
|US$ 10.7 mln
|Principal source of financing
|Principal type of financing
|Capacity building required
|Technology transfer required
|Ministry of Transport and Communications (MTC), Ministry of Environment (MINAM)
|Organization providing technical support
|Henrry Zaira, Gabriel Quijandria
The sustainable transport NAMA is intended to improve quality of public transport provision and vehicle fleet optimization (TRANSPeru)
Activities: (2016 - 2019)
The Government of Peru developed the Sustainable Urban Transport (SUT) NAMA to halt the trend towards urban sprawl dominated by cars and afflicted by serious traffic jams, poor road safety and low air quality. The NAMA rests on two building blocks: high quality public transport provision and vehicle fleet optimisation. Progress in these areas requires several changes, such as a better policy framework (e.g. fuel economy standards), additional infrastructure (e.g. metro lines, cycle lanes) and a strong institutional set-up (e.g. dedicated transport authority for Lima/Callao).
The aim is to reduce emissions in:
- Integrated public mass transport system in Lima/Callao: Construction of parts of Metro Line 2 (13.5 km) and 4 (8km), extension of the BRT line by 10.5 km, 12 intermodal integration spots, timetable and ticketing integration for BRT and Metro systems,
- Non-motorized transport in Lima: Drafting of a Master Plan for Non-Motorized Transport, revision and dissemination (with districts) of the outdated technical guidelines for NMT-infrastructure, mass awareness campaigns
- Institutional development to improve urban transport management in Lima/ Callao: coordination agreement between Lima and Callao, process towards the establishment of a Single Transport Authority for Lima and Callao
- Vehicle homologation and fuel efficiency for light vehicles: implementation of a national vehicle homologation system including technical vehicle inspections, review of emission standards, and introduction of a labelling scheme for energy efficiency and CO2 emissions, implementation of 30 NGV stations in 5 secondary cities.
- Modernization of the public transport vehicle fleet: implementation of a scrapping scheme for Lima and Callao for routes competing with organized mass transport lines (replacement of 6000 old units by 1800 modern high capacity buses), development of scrapping schemes in secondary cities.
- Support to local governments to strengthen sustainable urban transport: Implementation of a Sustainable Urban Transport Policy and Programme that support secondary cities in the planning, financing and implementation of sustainable urban transport measures.
The NAMA has received support, through the NAMA Support Project, which is essential to successfully implementing the NAMA, as it creates a solid basis for follow-up measures by designing and driving through key structural change. It provides closely linked financial and technical support in three areas:
- coordination: steering committee coordination with donors as well as between institutions (GIZ / KfW to act as Technical Secretariat).
- mitigation: implementation of selected points in the policy matrix at national and sub-national level
- measurement, reporting and verification (MRV):setting up the MRV system in collaboration with other relevant institutions.
Impact and MRV
|Cumulative GHG reductions: 5.6 MtCO2e
No information has been provided on mitigative capacity
* High decrease in travel times
* Reduced life cycle costs of vehicles
* Reduced air pollution by stringent vehicle and fuel standards
MRV Framework: (2016 - 2026)
The MRV concept is currently being developed and consists of a bottom-up inventory for Lima/Callao Metropolitan area, based on detailed trip data for the urban population.
The INDC pledges a reduction of GHG of 30% in 2030 compared to a Business-As-Usual scenario. The programme to reach this target consists of an overall of 58 measures, of which 50% have already been initiated by the Government and 50% have been proposed and are perceived realistic (MINAM, 2015). The main measures planned in the transport sector are reflected on the measures contained in the NAMA.
- Government of Peru:significant amounts to the policy matrix, mainly to the integrated mass transportation system in Lima (roughly USD 4.2 billion).
- NAMA Facility :The NAMA Support Project (grant of EUR 5 million plus low interest loans of EUR 40 million, including a grant element of EUR 4 million)
- KfW: supports NAMA preparation and finances several NAMA related activities (promotional loan of USD 250 million for Metro Line 2; Envisaged EU-LAIF grant EUR 7 million with AfD for feasibility studies for Metro Lima and investment projects in medium-sized cities; feasibility study for public transport in Trujillo plus a study as part of Metro Lima (over EUR1.5 million grant)
- Worldbank: USD 300 million to co-finance Lima Metro Line 2
- CAF: involved in NAMA preparation and interested to support NAMA implementation linked to several ongoing and new CAF activities: concessional loans of USD 600 million to Metro Lima Line 1; initially USD 150 million for Metro Line 2 with substantial additional funding foreseen; USD 50 million to Trujillo in cooperation with KfW on an integrated urban transit system; offers the NAMA a grant for TC of up to USD 150,000 to support local governments on SUT or the integration of the SIT in Lima;
- IDB: involved in NAMA preparation and interested to support NAMA implementation linked to several IDB activities: Emerging and Sustainable Cities Initiative (ESCI) with transport as one of several sectors; loan of USD 300 million for Metro Line 2; offers further support in the finalization of NAMA preparation;
- KfW / GIZ (IKLU / DKTI) is a programme to support the set-up and implementation of the National Programme for SUT in medium-sized cities corresponding to mitigation area 6 ( EUR 60 million concessional loan for Financial Component and EUR 6 million for Technical Component).