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    Emission Reduction through Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Kenya

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    Sector Waste
    Focus area
    (no data)
    Type of action Project
    Scope National
    Stage Under development
    Submitted to UNFCCC registry No
    Start of initiative 2013
    Financing and support details
    Financing status Not known
    Total cost EUR 14.5 mln
    Financing requested
    (no data)
    Financing received to-date
    (no data)
    Principal source of financing Not known
    Principal type of financing Not known
    Capacity building required Unknown
    Technology transfer required Unknown
    Additional information
    Proponent(s) State Department of Environment and Natural Resources
    International funder(s)
    (no data)
    Organization providing technical support
    (no data)

    Kenya‘s National Government, in partnership with the county governments of Machakos and Nakuru, want to pilot the development of sustainable solid waste management mechanisms in the two counties. The mechanisms entail an integrated composting facility and a sanitary landfill in both counties. The compositing unit will produce organic fertiliser for use in farming in place of inorganic fertilizers, contributing towards the avoidance of GHG emission from the agricultural sector. Both facilities will generate energy from methane gas captured, providing an alternative source of energy.

    Activities: (2013 - 2019)
    Activities include piloting the development of sustainable solid waste management mechanisms in two counties, Machakos and Nakuru. The mechanisms entail an integrated composting facility and a sanitary landfill in both counties. he compositing unit will produce organic fertiliser for use in farming in place of inorganic fertilizers. Both facilities will generate energy from methane gas captured. This NAMA will also facilitate policy formulation, awareness creation and capacity development in the sector. Finally, the NAMA provides an example of good practice and a learning platform for other counties.

    Contractual obligations �* Expression of interest for contractual obligations public/private partnership in implementing the project. This includes service provision and products/material supply (The county of Nakuru has already advertised invitations for the expression of interest). �* Tendering process and awarding of contracts �* Supply of material, equipment and vehicles

    Construction and Implementation phase

    • � Feasibility study

    �* Acquisition and preparation of land �* ESIA study and report �* Licensing and permits �* Survey and civil works

    • � Architectural plans and project implementation

    �* Construction of transfer stations (transient storage) �* Service lines and utilities provision

    • Commissioning of the project

    �* Training and Induction �* Project implementation �* Monitoring and evaluation


    Capacity building to: �* The county personnel on good practice in waste management; �* Technological/technical aspects of the initiative; �* Requisite policy and legal frameworks at national and county levels,

    • Implementing Agencies’ financial officers on funds management and reporting in line with the NAMA facility requirements

    �* Management of income from the scale of the generated energy, and compost as an alternative to inorganic fertilizer.

    Policy and Regulatory Frameworks �* Review and strengthen the existing national relevant policies and regulatory frameworks �* Development and implementation of integrated waste management strategy and action plans for counties

    Impact and MRV

    No Data Available.png
    Cumulative GHG reductions: No data available
    Mitigative capacity:

    No information has been provided on mitigative capacity


    Social: *Providing alternative sources of livelihood to approximately 22,150 households; especially women and youth that currently derive livelihood from waste at dumpsites.
    • Use of compost will reduce the economic burden associated with the purchase of fert
    Economic: *The energy generated from this project will contribute towards bridging the gap between the national energy demand and supply. This could provide a major source of revenue to sustain the initiative.
    • In addition, the facility will be used to generate organic fertilizer for use by local farmers, reducing the need for inorganic fertilizers, which are major sources of greenhouse gas emission in the agriculture sector. This could provide a third

    transformation dimension in GHG emissions reduction in the country. The sale of the compost fertilizer could also become another source of income to sustain the initiative.

    • The organic fertilizer is crucial in supporting sustainable agriculture and enhancing food security.
    Environmental: *The NAMA will improve air and general environmental quality and increase the aesthetic appeal of the cities involved.
    • It will improve public health, change public perception on solid waste and protect the integrity of ground water.
    • An added benefit of the project is the provision of alternative energy to replace woodfuel as the primary source of energy for cooking and heating for majority of the urban poor. This will reduce forest depletion, and enhance the forest carbon sink.

    MRV Framework:

    For the financial component: The project will use a results-based management approach, encapsulating the logic model, the performance measurement framework, and risk analysis. This will involve realistically defining the expected results; clear identification of stakeholders in line with their needs; identification of appropriate indicators to monitor progress towards realisation of desired results and resources utilisation; and identification of a logical framework to manage risk. A joint implementation committee will report on the results achieved and the corresponding resource utilisation on quarterly basis. The committee will draw representation from the national and county governments. Strict financial management standards will be observed in line with Government of Kenya financial management guidelines and requirements, including both internal and external audits; and the M&E guidelines for NAMA Support Projects to be published by the NAMA Facility Board (note: proposal written for NAMA Facility). For the technical component: addition to the model described the FC component, which also applies for the TC component, the proposed NAMA initiative will provide an opportunity to adopt the National Performance and Benefit Measurement (MRV+) system recommended in the National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP). The MRV+ system is designed to measure, report and verify not only the GHG emissions, but also the socio-economic benefits that will accrue, and the synergies between mitigation and adaptation. The MRV+ will also contribute towards harnessing knowledge generated, lessons learning and best practices to inform decision-making.


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