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    Waste-to-Energy (WtE) and improved waste management practices in Kigali

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    Sector Waste, Energy
    Focus area Solid waste management
    Type of action Strategy/Policy
    Scope National
    Stage Under development
    Submitted to UNFCCC registry Yes
    Start of initiative 2015
    Financing and support details
    Financing status Seeking financing
    Total cost US$ 0.500 mln
    Financing requested US$ 0.410 mln
    Financing received to-date US$ 0 mln
    Principal source of financing Not known
    Principal type of financing Grant
    Capacity building required Yes
    Technology transfer required Yes
    Additional information
    Proponent(s) Rwanda Ministry of Infrastructure (MININFRA), Water & Sanitation Corporation (WASAC)
    International funder(s)
    (no data)
    Organization providing technical support
    (no data)
    Contact Mrs. UWERA Mireille

    Mr. UWONKUNDA Bruce


    Implementation of one Waste-To-Energy plant for collected solid waste in the Kigali urban area

    Activities: (2016 - 2030)
    This Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) targets mitigation in the solid waste sector in Rwanda and focuses on the development and implementation of one Waste-to-Energy (WtE) plant, under an Independent Power Producer (IPP) framework, addressing collected solid waste in the Kigali urban area and with potential for expansion to handle collected solid waste from other areas.

    This WtE plant will have a capacity to process / combust up to 800 tons of solid waste per day (or 292,000 t solid waste per year), and renewable electricity generation capacity of up to 15 MW.

    The NAMA will include improvement in mechanisms and execution of solid waste collection and disposal services in seven urban areas/cities of Rwanda, focusing on enabling growth of private sector involvement.

    It is expected that the WtE plant will be operated as an Independent Power Producer (IPP), and thus be constituted as a fully private company receiving revenues through both Tipping Fees Agreements and Power Purchase Agreement under Rwandan regulations. This means that the WtE plants is expected to be private sector financed, with support from this NAMA and its activities. The waste collection system in Rwanda, and principally in the Kigali area, is already private sector driven and operated.

    Impact and MRV

    No Data Available.png
    Cumulative GHG reductions: 3 MtCO2e
    Mitigative capacity:

    No information has been provided on mitigative capacity


    Social: Information has not been provided
    Economic: * Jobs creation during the implementation and operation phases
    • Reduce the need to import fuels
    Environmental: * Reduction of water and soil pollution
    • Reduction of incinerator ash
    • Reduce uncontrolled dumping and open burning of waste
    • Reduced pressure on land use by reducing the need for landfilling

    MRV Framework:
    No MRV plan has been defined

    The full cost of preparation covers the cost of preparation for the NAMA Design and Document (0.110MUSD), a comprehensive Feasibility Study for the WtE plant and solid waste characterization (0.3MUSD) and institutional level Capacity Development Support for NAMA finance and MRV (0.09MUSD).
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