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C

Construction of a Super-critical Lignite Power Plant TTP Kostolac B +Construction of a new lignite fired thermal power plant in TPP Kostolac B. The new unit, called block B3, will have an installed capacity of 600 MWe with net efficiency of 40.8%, which is significantly higher than 33.5% efficiency of a conventional lignite power plant in Serbia. The project will introduce a super-critical steam power generation technology.

D

De-risking Renewable Energy NAMA for the Nigerian Power Sector +The NAMA has four components: * Policy and institutional framework for private investment in on-grid renewable power generation. * Financial de-risking instruments for private investment in on-grid renewable power generation. * Grid management to absorb intermittent but predictable renewable energy. * First commercial on-grid RE projects, with 100 MW of additional RE-based power generation capacity. The GEF has approved a project, in April 2016, to support the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) in the development and implementation of this RE NAMA for the Nigerian Power Sector.
Decentralized PV NAMA +The essential component of the financial mechanism is a net metering system that allows residential customers to be credited for electricity fed into the grid from their rooftop PV installations. In addition, an investment subsidy for consumers for 2015-2017, and a partial solar PV exemption from VAT for 2018-2021, will help fund consumers' purchase of solar installations. A credit line funded by international donors will be offered to local partner banks, to increase their ability to make loans for solar PV purchases. Generally, a problem here is the lack of implication of the banking sector. The sector is not involved enough in energy efficiency and renewable energy.
Demand-side energy efficiency programme for water pumping stations +The Water Authority of Jordan is the largest electricity consumer in the country, using about 15% of Jordan's national energy production. The IEE programme is a sector wide programme to increase energy efficiency for water infrastructure with the objective to reduce the specific energy consumption per m3 of produced water targeting pumping facilities, well-fields, booster stations, the water supply network and other water infrastructure in the country. The IEE Programme is directly aiming at energy savings and GHG emission reduction in the different Governorate of the Kingdom together with the Jordanian public water companies and key stakeholders. Jordan seeks support for further preparation of this NAMA, as well as for implementation of it. The scope of the preparation is for an expert to prepare a NAMA proposal and to generate funds for implementation. Activities in the implementation phase will include technical improvements of the water infrastructure.
Demand-side energy efficiency programme in industry +This programme aims to achieve a cumulative reduction of 2 million tons of oil equivalent in energy consumption and a 8MtCO<sub>2</sub>e reduction in greenhouse gases over a 10 year period ending in 2020 through the successful implementation of five components: *Institutional and regulatory framework to support the EE law. *Demonstration of pilot EE projects. * Subsidies of energy audits and EE investment feasibilities. *Training and accreditation of certified energy managers. *Information dissemination, communication and EE promotion.
Developing a solid waste inventory and identifying NAMA options +<br /> * Development of a soild waste inventory * Facilitation of the development of a comprehensive national waste management strategy * Elaboration of at least one NAMA option resulting in substantial emission reductions
Developing appropriate strategies and techniques to reduce methane emissions from livestock production in Uganda +Major activities include *Exploring appropriate feeding strategies that increase productivity while at the same time reduce methane emissions from enteric fermentations. Efforts will be centred around strategies that have shown promise elsewhere including feeding livestock on improve forages; feed supplements. This will involve screening tanniferous herbaceous forages and agroforestry tree species for methane reducing potentials; supplementation using agro-industrial by-products including oilcakes; and integrating these options strategically in ruminant feeding systems or incorporating grain with pastures. *Exploring with various feed additives, including plant extracts (condensed tannins, saponins, essential oils) and rumen modifiers (yeast, bacterial direct fed microbials, and enzymes). *Explore ways to improve feed efficiency through breeding and diet manipulation. Improving feed conversion efficiency (the amount of feed consumed per unit of production), helps to decrease the amount of methane produced since more efficient animals have been shown to produce less methane. This can achieved thought giving animals diets that are more highly digestible. *Exploring manure and pasture management on both small and larger farms *Public information and awareness of appropriate strategies and technologies for reducing methane emissions from livestock as well as potential levels of mitigation
Development and Installation of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration Technologies in Pakistan +It is expected that with the implementation of the NAMA, the following objectives could be achieved: *Development of technology for carbon dioxide scavenging. *Assessment of environmental impact of the Thar Coal project. *Designing and installation pilot plant of CO2 sequestration near Thar coal, Kandra gas fields and other power generation stations. *Establishment CO2 Sequestration Laboratory in Pakistan *Reduction/ mitigation the GHGs concentration from atmosphere by ensuring implementation of NAMAs with the assistance of Ministry of Climate Change. In order to undertake this project a Project Management Unit (PMU) will be established and empowered within PCST. The PMU will coordinate all the activities. The PMU will be responsible for successful accomplishment of the NAMA. The PMU will coordinate with National University of Sciences and Technology (Islamabad), Karachi University (Karachi) and other technical organizations on the subject technology. In this regard, PMU will also coordinate and work with Climate Change Division for execution of project. After successful trials plant would be constructed with the help of national engineering firms. Technical Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) of proposed NAMA will be carried by the Ministry of Science and Technology Pakistan. The scope of the NAMA is to accelerate the energy production utilizing coal deposits with minimum GHGs emission risk. Output 1: Development of CO2 Sequestration technology Output 2: Establishment of CO2 Sequestration Laboratory Output 3: Installation of developed technology Output 4: (Development of) Strategies for CO2 mitigation
Development of Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) in Greater Jakarta +The project will involve the governments of: (1) DKI Jakarta; (2) Bogor City; and (3) Tangerang City. This project will procure 380 gas-fueled buses in DKI Jakarta, 50 and 110 diesel buses in Bogor and Tangerang respectively. Additionally, bus lanes, terminals and fuel stations will also be constructed. The increased provision of public transport services should encourage greater transition away from private transport. The project will take place from 2015-2018 and will cost an estimate of USD 3.25 billion or IDR 3.9 Trillion. The expected GHG emission reduction was calculated to be 0.64 million tons CO2 eq in 2018, and cumulative in 4 years to be 1.8 million tons CO2 eq. Successful implementation of this project can lead to reduced congestion, which can increase overall productivity of the city, lead to economic advancements. There are also health benefits resulting from the reduced pollution of better flowing traffic.
Development of concentrating solar power plants in Algeria +Development of concentrating solar power (CSP) in Algeria to increase the share of solar energy. A total of 7200 MW CSP could be installed. The electricity generated is to supply domestic demand and the surplus will be exported. The programme would have three phases: * (2011-2013) Pilot project of two solar power plants with total capacity of 150 MW each. These are in addition to the hybrid power plant project of Hassi R'Mei with a total power capacity of 150 MW, which includes 25 MW from solar energy. * (2016-2021) Construction of 4 solar thermal power plants with a total capacity of approx. 1200 MW. * (2021-2030) Installation of 500MW annually until 2023 and 600MW annually until 2030.
Domestic Refrigerators NAMA +The activities under the NAMA include: * Produce new refrigerators that have an increased energy efficiency as compared to those currently available in the market; * Replace old refrigerators still working with R134a based refrigerant; * Recover and destroy refrigerant gas from those old refrigerators; * Gradually phase out HFCs. The NAMA is split into four phases: * Design of the overall NAMA; * Design of a pilot programme; * Implementation of pilot programme; * Implementation of fuel scale programme.

E

E-mobility readiness plan +This NAMA will undertake activities along 3 pillars: * Market creation * Charging infrastructure * Research and development The pillars work together to help reach the overall target. Cross-cutting activities support the pillars, including communication and public diffusion activities and a monitoring, reporting and verification framework. The NAMA is planned in two phases with the first starting in 2012 and the second in 2015. The first phase will be a learning phase with three pilots to demonstrate the technology and to prepare several studies to support the private and public sectors in laying the groundwork for an electric vehicle market and a suitable charging infrastructure to supply it. The second phase will seek a scale up of market-based and regulatory instruments to achieve a penetration of electric vehicles of approximately 1% of the vehicle fleet by 2020.
Eco-competitive Livestock sector +The Livestock Farms NAMA proposed incorporates within its scope beef, dairy and double purpose livestock activities in farms, within the entirety of the national territory dedicated to this economic activity. The NAMA has the goal to implement mitigation measures in 80% of applicable farms nationally in a fifteen-year period through two stages: 1. Pilot phase (until 2021) - implementation of measures in 10% (approx 4000) of farms. 2. Second stage (until 2028) - Up-scaled implementation of measures to 80% of farms, adoption of MRV system, and strengthening of capacities. Measures: > Improved fertilization plans > Rotational grazing / live fences: separating the pasture area to allow for rotating the herds to the next space at least every two or three days allows the pastures to grow healthier, and the soils to capture more carbon. Additionally, the separation of the areas will be done with live fences, which consist of live trees used as the pillars for wired fences, allowing for the fences themselves to be a source of carbon capture. > Improvement of pastures: By improving the pasture species, not only will more carbon be captured by the pastures themselves and the soils as their roots are bigger, but also the diets of the herds are improved. These improved diets in turn reduce enteric fermentation, increase productivity and increase reproduction rates. success of improved pastures increases when accompanied by rotational grazing. > Silvopastoral systems: These involve the planting of trees within the pasture areas to provide shadow for the herds and in turn, capture carbon. They also imply a growth of forested areas and arborization (forest plantations, fruit trees, etc.) within the farms. > Other feasible and relevant measures such as Manure Management and Genetics, as well as wider supply chain activities including distribution, slaughterhouses and others, are being included within the Livestock LcDs and their inclusion within this nAMA framework is being analysed for initial or future stages
Efficient Biomass Stove Development, Dissemination and Commercialisation +It is estimated that more than 6 million tonnes of wood fuel are consumed annually when the sustainable output of natural forests is 4.6 million tonnes translating to a loss of 330 000 hectares of forest area or over 60 million trees per year. Over-exploitation of wood resources has resulted in destruction of carbon sinks, severe land degradation, soil erosion and siltation of rivers and dams. The programme aims to: (1) reduce loss of woodlands which are carbon sinks that help to capture carbon; (2) create awareness of advantages of use of efficient cook stoves as compared to open fire places; (3) train local artisans and builders in the construction of efficient cook stoves. The preparation of the NAMA lasts 10 months.
Efficient Use of Fuel and Alternative Fuels in Indigenous and Rural Communities +This NAMA is the result of the third call for project proposals of the NAMA Facility. According to population growth statistics for the next ten years, it is estimated that there will be an average increase of 65,000 new families per year that will use firewood as their main source of energy. As a result the country has set up a dedicated Firewood Commission to implement the National Firewood Strategy. A respective action plan proposes: (i) to enhance access to efficient technologies, (ii) to increase demand, and (iii) to promote an enabling environment for sustainable and efficient firewood use. Enhanced coordination and consolidation of national and international support is required to achieve scalability and long-term sustainability in the implementation of clean cooking technologies, and for strengthening participatory governance to implement the National Firewood Strategy, which is part of Guatemala’s INDC.
Efficient use of biomass for equitable, climate proof and sustainable rural development +A pilot project has been planned with the installation of SWH and FEWS and implementation of EEI measures in 11.500 households, supported with a financial mechanism and sustainable forest management in 6 rural areas of Georgia. An estimated 60,000 FEWS, SWH and EEI can be installed potentially until 2030.
Egyptian renewable energy investment +The following activities would be undertaken: * Subsidizing the tariffs offered by the Egyptian Electricity Holding Company so that more rapid penetration of renewable energy sources could be achieved, including via private sector investment *Establishment of RE support fund to cover the feed-in tariff payments * Reform of regulatory framework to fit a larger renewable energy share (e.g. guaranteed network access and preferential dispatch) * Supporting the New and Renewable Energy Agency (NREA) * Assistance for the integration of RE into the grid * Development of a MRV system
Electric vehicles NAMA +No specific activities have been listed.
Electricity Generation from Solar Energy Sources +Support of solar energy
Electricity Generation from Wind Energy Sources +Support of wind energy
Electrification with solar PV mini-grids in rural villages in Rwanda +This Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) targets mitigation in the rural electrification (off-grid) sector in Rwanda and focuses on the development and implementation of up to 100 solar PV mini-grids in rural villages, with operation under a Public Private Partnership (PPP) framework. The NAMA will include the application of power for Rural Productivities Zones (RPZ) for increasing the income generating potential of rural communities, through micro- and small businesses. The total installed capacity, for all villages, is expected to be between 9 – 10 MWp, providing 24 hr supply via solar PV generation and low voltage mini-grids. At the point of full implementation the NAMA actions are expected to provide access and service the expected electricity needs of over 100,000 persons in rural areas. After implementation, it is expected that the solar PV mini-grids will be operated as Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) under Operation, Maintenance, and Management (OMM) agreements with the community cooperatives or state executing agency.
Emission Reduction through Sustainable Solid Waste Management in Kenya +Activities include piloting the development of sustainable solid waste management mechanisms in two counties, Machakos and Nakuru. The mechanisms entail an integrated composting facility and a sanitary landfill in both counties. he compositing unit will produce organic fertiliser for use in farming in place of inorganic fertilizers. Both facilities will generate energy from methane gas captured. This NAMA will also facilitate policy formulation, awareness creation and capacity development in the sector. Finally, the NAMA provides an example of good practice and a learning platform for other counties. Contractual obligations �* Expression of interest for contractual obligations public/private partnership in implementing the project. This includes service provision and products/material supply (The county of Nakuru has already advertised invitations for the expression of interest). �* Tendering process and awarding of contracts �* Supply of material, equipment and vehicles Construction and Implementation phase *� Feasibility study �* Acquisition and preparation of land �* ESIA study and report �* Licensing and permits �* Survey and civil works *� Architectural plans and project implementation �* Construction of transfer stations (transient storage) �* Service lines and utilities provision * Commissioning of the project �* Training and Induction �* Project implementation �* Monitoring and evaluation Awareness Capacity building to: �* The county personnel on good practice in waste management; �* Technological/technical aspects of the initiative; �* Requisite policy and legal frameworks at national and county levels, * Implementing Agencies’ financial officers on funds management and reporting in line with the NAMA facility requirements �* Management of income from the scale of the generated energy, and compost as an alternative to inorganic fertilizer. Policy and Regulatory Frameworks �* Review and strengthen the existing national relevant policies and regulatory frameworks �* Development and implementation of integrated waste management strategy and action plans for counties
Enabling Distributed Solar Power in the Philippines +The Philippines’ energy sector is heavily reliant on fossil fuels, and is the largest contributor to national GHG emissions. The Distributed Solar Power NAMA Support Project is embedded in the Philippines’ Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), which targets a 70% reduction of GHG emissions below business as usual (projected from 2000) by 2030 and identifies the energy, transport, waste, forestry, and industrial sectors as key contributors to reaching this goal. Barriers for higher penetration levels of distributed generation photovoltaic or self-supply include banks and leasing companies being reluctant to offer reasonably priced, reasonably termed, standardized, financing products due to perceived market and technology risks, and the perception that the market is too small, in particularly outside the Metro Manila. Planned activities include: * streamlining the permitting process * accrediting installers * creating a technology certification program * supporting the development of an initial pipeline of projects to help low grid-impact projects to come online * building the financial sector capacity to evaluate distributed PV projects and bring a variety of financing options for DG PV customers. The United Kingdom and Germany have pre-selected 7 NAMA Support Projects, including this NAMA in the Philippines, from the NAMA Facility’s 4th Call. These projects will receive funding by Germany and the UK of up to € 60 million to prepare their preparation development phase. Decisions on funding for implementation will be taken after the assessment of these proposals.
Energy Efficiency Improvement in the Tea and Coffee Sector in Rwanda +This Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) targets mitigation through the promotion of energy efficiency activities in the Tea and Coffee sector in Rwanda based on specific incentives and demonstration projects. Both industries are private sector based, and the promotion of energy efficiency will focus on energy intensive activities in the tea and coffee industry pertaining to thermal energy and electrical energy requirements, namely roasting, drying, processing and packaging. Envisioned actions under the NAMA are: -demonstration of selected energy efficient technologies in existing production -establish an energy efficiency standards for all new factories -promote international eco-labeling -promote energy management, auditing and reporting and national best practice sharing The tea and coffee sector is currently private sector driven, and consists of ‘estates’ or industrial blocs (plantations integrated to a processing unit), tea/coffee grower cooperatives (for labourers), tea/coffee growers association (for owners), and small holders.
Energy Efficiency Improvements in Public Buildings +The NAMA involves re-furbishment of 23 schools and 26 hospitals throughout Serbia. The NAMA will contribute to climate change mitigation as re-furbished Public buildings will use less energy and consequent-ly emit less CO2 for about 8,326 tones/annually during their life cycle that would be emitted in absence of the mitigation action
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