Waste-to-Energy (WtE) and improved waste management practices in Kigali

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Sector Waste, Energy
Focus area Solid waste management
Type of action Strategy/Policy
Scope National
Stage Under development
Submitted to UNFCCC registry Yes
Start of initiative 2015
Financing and support details
Financing status Seeking financing
Total cost US$ 0.500 mln
Financing requested US$ 0.410 mln
Financing received to-date US$ 0 mln
Principal source of financing Not known
Principal type of financing Grant
Capacity building required Yes
Technology transfer required Yes
Additional information
Proponent(s) Rwanda Ministry of Infrastructure (MININFRA), Water & Sanitation Corporation (WASAC)
International funder(s)
(no data)
Organization providing technical support
(no data)
Contact Mrs. UWERA Mireille



Implementation of one Waste-To-Energy plant for collected solid waste in the Kigali urban area

Activities: (2016 - 2030)
This Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) targets mitigation in the solid waste sector in Rwanda and focuses on the development and implementation of one Waste-to-Energy (WtE) plant, under an Independent Power Producer (IPP) framework, addressing collected solid waste in the Kigali urban area and with potential for expansion to handle collected solid waste from other areas.

This WtE plant will have a capacity to process / combust up to 800 tons of solid waste per day (or 292,000 t solid waste per year), and renewable electricity generation capacity of up to 15 MW.

The NAMA will include improvement in mechanisms and execution of solid waste collection and disposal services in seven urban areas/cities of Rwanda, focusing on enabling growth of private sector involvement.

It is expected that the WtE plant will be operated as an Independent Power Producer (IPP), and thus be constituted as a fully private company receiving revenues through both Tipping Fees Agreements and Power Purchase Agreement under Rwandan regulations. This means that the WtE plants is expected to be private sector financed, with support from this NAMA and its activities. The waste collection system in Rwanda, and principally in the Kigali area, is already private sector driven and operated.

Impact and MRV

No Data Available.png
Cumulative GHG reductions: 3 MtCO2e
Mitigative capacity:

No information has been provided on mitigative capacity


Social: Information has not been provided
Economic: * Jobs creation during the implementation and operation phases
  • Reduce the need to import fuels
Environmental: * Reduction of water and soil pollution
  • Reduction of incinerator ash
  • Reduce uncontrolled dumping and open burning of waste
  • Reduced pressure on land use by reducing the need for landfilling

MRV Framework:
No MRV plan has been defined

The full cost of preparation covers the cost of preparation for the NAMA Design and Document (0.110MUSD), a comprehensive Feasibility Study for the WtE plant and solid waste characterization (0.3MUSD) and institutional level Capacity Development Support for NAMA finance and MRV (0.09MUSD).