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Transit-oriented development

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Colombia

Description

Overview
Sector Buildings, Transport
Focus area
(no data)
Type of action Strategy/Policy
Scope Sub-national
Stage Implementation
Submitted to UNFCCC registry Yes
Start of initiative 2012
Financing and support details
Financing status Seeking financing
Total cost US$ 19 mln
Financing requested US$ 19 mln
Financing received to-date US$ 18.5 mln
Principal source of financing Multilateral
Principal type of financing Grant
Capacity building required Yes
Technology transfer required Yes
Additional information
Proponent(s) FINDETER Financiera del Desarrollo, CIUDAT
International funder(s) NAMA Facility
Organization providing technical support Center for Clean Air Policy
Contact
(no data)
Objective:

The Colombian NAMA aims to construct lasting infrastructure and buildings that will lock in efficient land use and travel patterns.

Activities: (2015 - 2019)
The goal of this NAMA is to trigger transformational change of the urban template of Colombian cities and continue providing long-term, low-carbon results for years to come by constructing long lasting infrastructure and buildings that will lock in efficient land use and travel patterns. These new patterns will require less transport energy for households and businesses to achieve their daily tasks, because destinations and origins are brought closer together and non-motorized and transit modes are easier to use.

The NAMA will also generate co-benefits in the areas of quality-of-life, economic development, social equity, preservation of natural habitat, reduced risk, and energy independence. Individuals will enjoy better neighborhoods, lower costs of transportation and less pollution. Businesses will see new markets and employees within easy access. Governments will see economic benefits from reduced infrastructure costs per capita and increased revenues per unit area.

This NAMA takes a structured approach by addressing each level of the process. It starts with a national policy integration aspect, moves on to locally identified technical assistance in planning, market research, architectural design and PPP development, and then offers financial mechanisms for public and private funding of TOD related construction. All the assistance is coordinated through the CIUDAT staff, who also provide a liaison for integrating across sectors and between governmental levels.

The TOD NAMA will target investments to a minimum of three pilot projects in cities (which are Cali, Medellín and Manizales) to catalyze and inform replication of the TOD model across the country. Work is already under way: ◾Cali is transforming an old rail corridor, which currently divides the city, into a vibrant, pedestrian-friendly zone connecting housing, public space and commerce ◾Medellín is undertaking a public-private partnership for TOD around a new metro station in a former industrial area to respond to growing market demand for development in an under-utilized area of the central river valley ◾Manizales is focusing on a pedestrian-oriented redevelopment of its historical town center to promote accessibility and social inclusion around a recently inaugurated station of the public cable transportation system

Findeter is also prviding technical assistance on TOD planning to three other cities – Montería, Bucaramanga and Pasto.

Impact and MRV

No Data Available.png
Cumulative GHG reductions: 3.6 MtCO2e
Mitigative capacity:

No information has been provided on mitigative capacity

Co-benefits:

Social: * Improved health through reduced air pollution
  • Social equity
  • Lower costs of transportation
Economic: * Energy independence
  • New markets and employees within easy access.
  • Reduced infrastructure costs per capita and increased revenues per unit area.
Environmental: * Reduced air pollution
  • Preservation of natural habitat

MRV Framework:

The goal indicators are:

  1. 1. Number of TOD neighborhoods initiated in Colombia both inside and outside pilot cities
  2. 2. Difference between TOD neighborhoods and control neighborhoods in the trend of Annual GHG transport-related emissions per person
  3. 3. Difference between TOD neighborhoods and control neighborhoods in the trend of transport costs per person (e.g., as % of household budget)

The long term goal indicators are further complemented by the mid-term progress indicators created for measuring project outcomes.

The outcome indicators are: • Pilot City Level (TOD vs control sites) • Level of investment in TOD areas vis-à-vis traditional BRT station areas (buildings, infrastructure, public space) Travel data trends in: • Vehicle ownership /capita • VKT / capita • Average trip length • Transit and NMT mode share The mandatory indicators for both “public finance mobilized” and “private finance mobilized” in TOD areas versus other BRT station areas are here measured and compared directly. .


References

€354,000 ($USD 449,580) (National Planning Department(DNP) Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS) The Ministry of Transport (MoT) , The Housing Ministry (MoV) €27,000 ($USD 34,290) Findeter € 1,500,000 ($USD 1,905,000) tentative from FFEM, Fonds Français pour l'Environnement Mondial for TOD planning in Cali, analyses for national replication policies, development and launch of M&E efforts. Funding for the project as a whole began in August 2016.