Sustainable Charcoal Value Chain in Rwanda

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Sector Energy
Focus area
(no data)
Type of action Strategy/Policy
Scope National
Stage Feasibility study
Submitted to UNFCCC registry No
Start of initiative 2014
Financing and support details
Financing status Seeking financing
Total cost US$ 25.5 mln
Financing requested
(no data)
Financing received to-date
(no data)
Principal source of financing Not known
Principal type of financing Not known
Capacity building required No
Technology transfer required No
Additional information
(no data)
International funder(s)
(no data)
Organization providing technical support
(no data)
(no data)

The objective is to modernize the wood-energy sector in Rwanda by improving the sustainability of the charcoal value chain.

Biomass is the most important source of energy in Rwanda, especially for domestic cooking. Approximately 86% of primary energy comes from biomass, mainly in the form of wood that is either used directly as a fuel (57%) or converted into charcoal (23%) together with smaller amounts of crop residues and peat (6%).

A feasibility study of the NAMA has been carried out. The recommendations refer to five basic avenues of intervention:

  • increased production of wood for charcoal burning
  • introduction of modern conversion technologies for charcoal-production
  • improvement of the commercial network
  • improvement of combustion technologies
  • introduction of adequate framework conditions.

It is proposed that the modernization of the charcoal value chain starts with a pilot phase of three years in three conjoined districts and in the capital city of Kigali. The activities during the pilot phase should focus on the districts of Nyanza, Huye and Nyaruguru.

Impact and MRV

No Data Available.png
Cumulative GHG reductions: No data available
Mitigative capacity:

No information has been provided on mitigative capacity


Social: Information has not been provided
Economic: Information has not been provided
Environmental: Information has not been provided

MRV Framework:
No MRV plan has been defined


  • The following institutions play a role in the biomass energy sector: Ministry of Infrastructure (MININFRA), Ministry of Natural Resources (MINIRENA), Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MINAGRI ), Ministry of Environment and Lands (MINELA), Ministry of Local Government, Good Governance, Community Development and Social Affairs (MINALO C) and Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning (MINECOFIN).
  • The total cost of the pilot phase comes to 4.9M$. In all, the costs of the subsequent phase(s), totaling 20.6M$ cover the interventions in the remaining 27 districts of Rwanda.