|Description of activities
This NAMA focuses on the reforestation of … This NAMA focuses on the reforestation of initially 30,000 hectares (by 2030) and 400.000 hectares (long-term) of foothill slopes, currently used for low productive wheat production and as pasture land, with native tree species, pistachio, almond and dog rose, oleaster, Thorny almond. The target is to plant 6 million pistachio plants by 2030 with a survival rate of minutes, and 90 % self-sustainable trees.
The NAMA has 5 different stages:
1. Development of a complete land inventory on Uzbekistan’s mountain regions which aims to:
* describe in detail the historic and present land use;
* provide an agricultural practice and water and soil impact assessment;
* provide a comprehensive socio-economic stakeholder mapping;
* provide a legal title/land-tenure analysis.
2. Development of a comprehensive Reforestation and Forest Farming Plan, which aims to:
* define appropriate tree species in line with available planting manuals and ecologic-economic analysis for all areas involved;
* lay out a sustainable forest farming and land-use strategy with production and distribution details;
* prepare the establishment and business procedures for 5-6 NAMA Distribution Centres building on the practice of the Gallya Aral, Andizhan and Tashkent Provinces farmers support station;
* establish a financing plan consisting of a mixture of tax rebates, direct seed financing and the potential for international crediting to support domestic funding;
* provide a legal title implementation plan;
* set up an MRV system;
* lay out an anti-leakage monitoring and risk management strategy;
* set out the NAMA (AFOLU) governance and institutional structure;
3. Sustainable land-use and reforestation suitability tool which, for each site under consideration for NAMA implementation:
* provide an ecologic-economic land-use analysis of current and future practices;
* make a soil fertility, water availability and sustainable usage assessment;
* assess different native tree species for their environmental, soil, farming and sustainable forest management impact;
* provide a comprehensive leakage analysis;
* engage with central and local government, farmers’ associations and civil society on NAMA design options.
4. Development of finance and operations facilities, which aims to:
* support the Ministry of Economy and the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources;
* provide advance payments, loans or export guarantees to farmers/traders;
* oversee the timely planting, maintenance and tree protection;
* advice the harvesting/farming and marketing activities;
* facilitate international funding flows (sourcing, distribution), in addition to state funding.
5. Dissemination and Up-Scaling until 2030
* The implementation schedule is expected to be 2.000 ha per annum in average, coordinating the national roll-out with support activities by different governmental bodies with farmers’ association and business.
* The pilot sites (of +/- 100 hectares each) are selected:
(1) Buffer zone of either Ugam Chatkal National Park, Zaamin National Park, or an area to be established as buffer zone in proximity of Hissar Zapovednik to secure involvement of the local population, local authorities (hokimiyat) and protected area administrations, and
(2) a region chosen for its support by local stakeholders.sen for its support by local stakeholders.