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Sectoral Methodology

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Agriculture sector:

Non-energy emissions from agriculture, includes CO2 and non-CO2 emissions that are produced from:

  • Cattle rearing, main sources of methane and nitrous oxide, which can be tackle through manure management methods.
  • Soils cultivation which can depend not only on irrigation practices and climate variables but on the use of fertilizers, nitrogen fixation and management of crop residues. The type of specie cropped is also an important variable for the calculation of emissions.
  • Burning in fallows as to promote the nutrient cycle, control the growth of vegetation and encourage the growth of grass for animal grazing. Also the the burning of agricultural residues is an important contributor to total GHG emissions.
  • The emission produced when operating typical machinery in the agricultural sector such grain drying, horticultural greenhouses and excluding mobile combustion sources.

The kinds of actions that are expected in this sector are, for instance, the renovation of machinery, the promotion of more environmental-friendly cultivation methods and politics for the control of crops and cattle.


Energy supply:

This sector accounts for all energy production processes, incl. central / public electricity and heat production, fossil fuel extraction and refining. In this sector transport of fuels such as gas and energy distribution is also included.

The kind of activities that can be directed to, for instance, energy efficiencies policies, technology transfer support and an increase in energy produced from low carbon intensive technologies.


Industry:

All industry sectors energy and process emissions. Includes electricity generation for own use, also called autoproduction. The focus on this sector may be in the manufacturing industries and construction that includes activities such as chemical manufacturing, iron and steel as well as non-ferrous metal production, pulp & paper, etc. The kind of expected activities may direct to a more efficient use of energy, including renewable energy plans and resources.

Buildings:

All energy consumed in residential, commercial and public buildings; energy use of fuel and electricity. The kind of activities may promote a more efficient use of energy (e.g. renovation of low energy efficient devices or building isolation programs) and the own production of energy from renewable energy.


Transport:

All energy used in transport, including all modes: Aviation ( national or between border countries with a connection route), road transportation, railways, navigation within national borders and also agricultural energy consumption as much of it is caused by transport. Some examples of activities in this sector could be the enhancement of public transportation or the introduction of stations for electric vehicles.


Waste:

This sector includes all emissions from waste treatment, which is an important contributor to methane and nitrous oxide total emissions. Some processes that may be tackled are the waste incineration of inorganic matter, land disposal of solid waste, wastewater handling and other sources of emissions like human sewage.


Forestry:

Non-energy emissions from forestry, includes CO2 and non-CO2 emissions. The category LULUCF (Land use, Land-Use Change and Forestry) is included in this sector. So for example any plan to: change the way land is used or affect the amount of biomass in biological repositories. The type of actions included in this sector will be aimed at any category above explained. Urban forestry is also taken into account in this sector.