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Rainfed Mountain Belt Reforestation

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Uzbekistan

Description

Overview
Sector Agriculture, Forestry
Focus area
(no data)
Type of action Strategy/Policy
Scope National
Stage Under development
Submitted to UNFCCC registry Yes
Start of initiative 2009
Financing and support details
Financing status Seeking financing
Total cost US$ 0.550 mln
Financing requested US$ 0.450 mln
Financing received to-date US$ 0 mln
Principal source of financing Multilateral
Principal type of financing Grant
Capacity building required Yes
Technology transfer required No
Additional information
Proponent(s) Main Department of Forestry, Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources
International funder(s)
(no data)
Organization providing technical support
(no data)
Contact
(no data)
Objective:

The objective of the NAMA is the reforestation of the rainforest in order to: (i) achieve a substantial net GHG sequestration (ii) achieve a comprehensive, country-wide organized transformation to sustainable, low-carbon land-management (iii) decrease above ground soil erosion of watersheds and improve water retention (iv) improve soil fertility (v) provide sustainable livelihoods to local communities.

Activities: (2017 - 2020)
This NAMA focuses on the reforestation of initially 30,000 hectares (by 2030) and 400.000 hectares (long-term) of foothill slopes, currently used for low productive wheat production and as pasture land, with native tree species, pistachio, almond and dog rose, oleaster, Thorny almond. The target is to plant 6 million pistachio plants by 2030 with a survival rate of minutes, and 90 % self-sustainable trees.

The NAMA has 5 different stages:

1. Development of a complete land inventory on Uzbekistan’s mountain regions which aims to:

  • describe in detail the historic and present land use;
  • provide an agricultural practice and water and soil impact assessment;
  • provide a comprehensive socio-economic stakeholder mapping;
  • provide a legal title/land-tenure analysis.

2. Development of a comprehensive Reforestation and Forest Farming Plan, which aims to:

  • define appropriate tree species in line with available planting manuals and ecologic-economic analysis for all areas involved;
  • lay out a sustainable forest farming and land-use strategy with production and distribution details;
  • prepare the establishment and business procedures for 5-6 NAMA Distribution Centres building on the practice of the Gallya Aral, Andizhan and Tashkent Provinces farmers support station;
  • establish a financing plan consisting of a mixture of tax rebates, direct seed financing and the potential for international crediting to support domestic funding;
  • provide a legal title implementation plan;
  • set up an MRV system;
  • lay out an anti-leakage monitoring and risk management strategy;
  • set out the NAMA (AFOLU) governance and institutional structure;

3. Sustainable land-use and reforestation suitability tool which, for each site under consideration for NAMA implementation:

  • provide an ecologic-economic land-use analysis of current and future practices;
  • make a soil fertility, water availability and sustainable usage assessment;
  • assess different native tree species for their environmental, soil, farming and sustainable forest management impact;
  • provide a comprehensive leakage analysis;
  • engage with central and local government, farmers’ associations and civil society on NAMA design options.

4. Development of finance and operations facilities, which aims to:

  • support the Ministry of Economy and the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources;
  • provide advance payments, loans or export guarantees to farmers/traders;
  • oversee the timely planting, maintenance and tree protection;
  • advice the harvesting/farming and marketing activities;
  • facilitate international funding flows (sourcing, distribution), in addition to state funding.

5. Dissemination and Up-Scaling until 2030

  • The implementation schedule is expected to be 2.000 ha per annum in average, coordinating the national roll-out with support activities by different governmental bodies with farmers’ association and business.
  • The pilot sites (of +/- 100 hectares each) are selected:

(1) Buffer zone of either Ugam Chatkal National Park, Zaamin National Park, or an area to be established as buffer zone in proximity of Hissar Zapovednik to secure involvement of the local population, local authorities (hokimiyat) and protected area administrations, and (2) a region chosen for its support by local stakeholders.

Impact and MRV

No Data Available.png
Cumulative GHG reductions: 3.537 MtCO2e
Mitigative capacity:

No information has been provided on mitigative capacity

Co-benefits:

Social: * increased income of farmers
  • beauty of landscape
Economic: Information has not been provided
Environmental: * GHG sequestration
  • biodiversity regeneration

MRV Framework:
No MRV plan has been defined


References

Financial support will be given by international institutions with contributions from the government of Uzbekistan (such as staffing, office infrastructure and technical infrastructure). Technical support is not envisaged for NAMA preparation phase but will become relevant for NAMA implementation. 100,000$ will be allocated to capacity-building in the AFOLU sector. Since 2009, financing was disbursed five times by the GEF/UNDP Small Grants Programme SGP jointly with Main Department of Forestry and Michael Succow Foundation for the Protection of Nature (Germany) to implement small scale pistachio growing centers in Jizzak, Surkhandarya, Andizhan and Tashkent Provinces. Initially 2M$ are needed for the implementation of the NAMA, then gradually more up to 8M$ upfront capital annually will be needed over the first 10 years. Overall capitalization costs are estimated at 8M$ from Year 3 to Year 15.