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NAMAs in the Costa Rican coffee sector

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Costa Rica

Description

Overview
Sector Agriculture
Focus area
(no data)
Type of action Strategy/Policy
Scope National
Stage Implementation
Submitted to UNFCCC registry Yes
Start of initiative 2011
Financing and support details
Financing status Seeking financing
Total cost US$ 9.05 mln
Financing requested US$ 8.3 mln
Financing received to-date US$ 8.3 mln
Principal source of financing Multilateral
Principal type of financing Grant
Capacity building required Yes
Technology transfer required Yes
Additional information
Proponent(s) Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG)
International funder(s) NAMA Facility, IADB
Organization providing technical support GIZ, Coopedota R.L.
Contact Tania López, Vice-Minister, tlopez@go.cr
Objective:

Reduction of GHG emissions of the agricultural sector by up to 15% through the implementation of GHG mitigation technologies in coffee production and processing

Activities:

  • Increase of tree coverage on coffee farms by approximately 50%
  • Use of smart fertilizers
  • Use of energy saving technologies in coffee processing

Costa Rica’s NAMA Support Project ‘Low Carbon Coffee’ is a sector specific approach aiming for a climate-friendly transformation of the entire value chain of one of the most important economic sectors in the country.

The NAMA Facility Support Project offers technical and policy advice to change production and processing practices in the sector, which is the source of 10 per cent of the country’s greenhouse gas emissions. Furthermore, the project incentivises private sector investments by providing grants, loans and guarantees for coffee farmers and millers in order to acquire greenhouse gas-efficient fertilizer and milling technologies.

The project will contribute to the empowerment of farmers and millers to develop sustainable livelihoods, will maintain employment for up to 150,000 jobs during the harvest period and may create a positive impact on the standard of living of more than 400,000 people.

Impact and MRV

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Cumulative GHG reductions: No data available
Mitigative capacity:

The aggregate emission reduction potential amounts to 1.85 million tons CO2e over 20 years. Emission reductions of 250,000 tons CO2e are directly attributable to the NAMA Support Project.

The support project will have direct and indirect effects on mitigating GHG emissions as it will focus on improving the “mitigation capacity” of Costa Rica. Indirectly, the support project will con-tribute to the following emission reductions by the target groups (farms and mills):

1. Reductions in nitrous oxide emissions, by adoption of efficient practices of fertilizer application.

2. Reductions in methane emissions by improved water management in anaerobic treatment systems and by introducing technologies for wastewater treatment.

3. Reductions in methane and CO2 emissions through aerobic treatment and energetic use of pulp.

4. Reduction in CO2 emissions coming for electrical energy savings by improving the coffee drying process

5. Increased fixation of carbon by the spread of coffee agroforestry systems (intensified shading).

The reduction potential in growing and milling is approx. 30,000 Ton CO2/year, meanwhile carbon sink potential is approximately 90,000 Ton CO2/year, resulting in a total mitigation potential of 120,000 Ton CO2/year. The expected aggregate GHG emission reductions over 20 years will be 1,850,000 Ton CO2e in conservative estimates. The support project could directly or indirectly influence about 250,000 ton CO2 of this mitigation potential. The quantification of GHG mitigation potential will become available through the application of the MRV system."The aggregate emission reduction potential amounts to 1.85 million tons CO2e over 20 years. Emission reductions of 250,000 tons CO2e are directly attributable to the NAMA Support Project.

The support project will have direct and indirect effects on mitigating GHG emissions as it will focus on improving the “mitigation capacity” of Costa Rica. Indirectly, the support project will con-tribute to the following emission reductions by the target groups (farms and mills):

1. Reductions in nitrous oxide emissions, by adoption of efficient practices of fertilizer application.

2. Reductions in methane emissions by improved water management in anaerobic treatment systems and by introducing technologies for wastewater treatment.

3. Reductions in methane and CO2 emissions through aerobic treatment and energetic use of pulp.

4. Reduction in CO2 emissions coming for electrical energy savings by improving the coffee drying process

5. Increased fixation of carbon by the spread of coffee agroforestry systems (intensified shading).

The reduction potential in growing and milling is approx. 30,000 Ton CO2/year, meanwhile carbon sink potential is approximately 90,000 Ton CO2/year, resulting in a total mitigation potential of 120,000 Ton CO2/year. The expected aggregate GHG emission reductions over 20 years will be 1,850,000 Ton CO2e in conservative estimates. The support project could directly or indirectly influence about 250,000 ton CO2 of this mitigation potential. The quantification of GHG mitigation potential will become available through the application of the MRV system." cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Co-benefits:

Social: Cost savings, income diversification and capital building at the farmers level, higher yields and earnings through increased soil fertility and less vulnerable soils, ecological competitiveness regionally and internationally.
Economic: Improved production technologies will result in higher coffee yields and higher income
Environmental: Generation of important environmental services, for example, biodiversity protection, through the increase of tree coverage; higher tree coverage will increase the resilience of production systems to climate change. Also reduction of eutrophication through improved wastewater management and reduced fertilizer use, more sustainable energy consumption in milling activities, increased soil conservation and biodiversity, improved adaptation capacity of the coffee farms to climate change through spread of agro-forestry systems etc.

MRV Framework:
No MRV plan has been defined


References