Electrification with solar PV mini-grids in rural villages in Rwanda

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Sector Energy
Focus area Renewable energy (solar)
Type of action Strategy/Policy
Scope National
Stage Under development
Submitted to UNFCCC registry Yes
Start of initiative 2015
Financing and support details
Financing status Seeking financing
Total cost US$ 0.4 mln
Financing requested US$ 0.31 mln
Financing received to-date US$ 0 mln
Principal source of financing Not known
Principal type of financing Grant
Capacity building required Yes
Technology transfer required Yes
Additional information
Proponent(s) Rwanda Ministry of Infrastructure (MININFRA) - Rwanda Energy Group (REG)
International funder(s)
(no data)
Organization providing technical support
(no data)
Contact Mrs. Mireille UWERA +250788509527


Development and implementation of solar PV mini-grids in rural areas

Activities: (2016 - 2030)
This Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) targets mitigation in the rural electrification (off-grid) sector in Rwanda and focuses on the development and implementation of up to 100 solar PV mini-grids in rural villages, with operation under a Public Private Partnership (PPP) framework.

The NAMA will include the application of power for Rural Productivities Zones (RPZ) for increasing the income generating potential of rural communities, through micro- and small businesses. The total installed capacity, for all villages, is expected to be between 9 – 10 MWp, providing 24 hr supply via solar PV generation and low voltage mini-grids. At the point of full implementation the NAMA actions are expected to provide access and service the expected electricity needs of over 100,000 persons in rural areas.

After implementation, it is expected that the solar PV mini-grids will be operated as Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) under Operation, Maintenance, and Management (OMM) agreements with the community cooperatives or state executing agency.

Impact and MRV


Cumulative GHG reductions: 0.104 MtCO2e
Mitigative capacity:

No information has been provided on mitigative capacity


Social: Energy access in rural areas

Lower some of the daily energy-related burdens of community members

Economic: *Job creation

Reduce dependence on imported fuels, Increased new business opportunities for communities and income generation Limited water irrigation, to increase agriculture productivity, 

Environmental: Reduced household air pollution

MRV Framework:
No MRV plan has been defined

The full cost of preparation covers the cost of preparation for the NAMA Design and Document, and a comprehensive development of a rural electrification master plan (with off-grid database and plan for long-term saturation levels of grid access). As well as institutional level Capacity Development Support for NAMA finance and MRV. 0.11MUSD for the preparation of NAMA Design and Document and 0.2MUSD for the Rural Electrification Master Plan and 0.09MUSD for capacity building Two workshops are planned:
  • Workshop for institutional capacity building for climate finance and financial structuring
  • Workshop for institutional capacity building for MRV systems and their structuring